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Nursing Interests and Experience

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My personal research interest is HIV/AIDS prevalence and prevention. This public health issue is of particular interest to me as a nurse specialist. The most vulnerable category of people requires professional help and heavily relies on the efforts of medical staff. The adequately collected research data and comprehensive, integrated HIV cure-related research will help physicians and nurses across the world to effectively intervene and alleviate the burden posed by HIV/AIDS. Research data will be derived from credible resources providing valid HIV statistics, public information, reports of local and state HIV surveillance. Moreover, expertise, proficiency, and skills can only accelerate this process and raise one’s awareness of sexually transmitted diseases, HIV infection, and their dire consequences. The way this global phenomenon and a burning public health issue of the 21st century is addressed in the LGBT population, namely bisexual men and gays, interests me the most. This group of people is particularly vulnerable due to the engagement in the same-sex relationship and lack of specific education and awareness of outcomes that HIV/AIDS can bring to them.

It is the task of top priority to continue examining such phenomenon as HIV/AIDS due to the burden that it poses to people and entire healthcare system. It is more important to explore vulnerable groups separately to get a clear representation of the problem’s perspective. Particular attention should be paid to gays and bisexuals, whose probability to contract HIV is higher if compared to other individuals, and, therefore, require specific, integrated, and comprehensive public health approach (World Health Organization, 2011). The main reason to study this clinical phenomenon is the high prevalence of HIV diagnoses among the LGBT population. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017), HIV severely affects this particular group of people, unlike other ones. Moreover, despite the fact that HIV diagnoses decreased by 19% in the period 2005-2014, it increased by 6% in gays and bisexuals of Latino and African-American descent (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017).

Overall, diagnoses have been stable in recent years. However, the rate of contraction of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases will inevitably increase, if this category of people does not get necessary education concerning safe sex and relevant methods of contraception (Kalichman, Pellowski, & Turner, 2011). In 2016, almost 4.5 million bisexuals and gays lived in the USA; 15% lived with HIV infection and 11% were diagnosed (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017). Nearly one of seven men is not aware of having an infection. The main reason is that they do not undergo regular examinations, check-ups, and ignore following the well-known recommendations regarding prevention and safe sexual contact.

It is important to continue studying such target population as bisexual men and gays since they are also at a high risk of getting such serious but treatable infections as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Moreover, discrimination, stigma, and homophobia place bisexuals and gays at a high risk for developing various mental health and physical issues. Therefore, in order to alleviate burden caused by HIV/AIDS epidemic, it is important to ensure that these individuals get vital high-quality health services and ensure that the LGBT population is well-informed about consequences of treating own health indifferently.

The specific intervention to address HIV/AIDS, reduce its prevalence, and decrease the pressure posed by this public health issue, is the promotion of education to increase the society’s awareness. Not only the LGBT population should be taken into account in this regard, but also other groups as no one is immune from contracting HIV and developing AIDS in case if a patient does not take antiretroviral therapy (Haacker, 2016). My choice of this intervention is based on personal clinical experience and knowledge derived from the literature. The main goal is to increase the awareness among gays and bisexuals of HIV transmission, the importance of engaging into safe sexual contact and use contraceptives. Only in this case, the phenomenon of HIV/AIDS will be alleviated.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017, July 17). HIV among gay and bisexual men. Retrieved from

Haacker, M. (2016). The economics of the global response to HIV/AIDS. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kalichman, S. C., Pellowski, J., & Turner, C. (2011). Prevalence of sexually transmitted co-infections in people living with HIV/AIDS: Systematic review with implications for using HIV treatments for prevention. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 87(3), 183-190. doi: 10.1136/sti.2010.047514

World Health Organization. (2011). Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people: Recommendations for a public health approach. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Document Production Services.